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Diatoms of the United States is now known as Diatoms of North America.
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SPECIES starting with "l"


Lacustriella lacustris

Cavinula lacustris

  1. Valves lanceolate
  2. Central area elliptic
  3. Apices protracted
  4. Striae punctate with dash-like terminal areola

Symmetrical biraphid - Valves are lanceolate with protracted apices. The axial area is lanceolate, narrowing to the central area. The central area is transapically elliptic. Striae are punctate, with a with dash-like terminal areola.

Lemnicola hungarica

Achnanthes hungarica
Achnanthidium hungaricum
Microneis hungarica

  1. Valves linear to linear-elliptical with subrostrate apices
  2. Raphe valve with often asymmetrical stauros
  3. Terminal raphe fissures turned toward opposite sides

Monoraphid - Valves are linear to linear-elliptical with subrostrate apices. The raphe valve has a stauros that is often asymmetrical. Terminal raphe fissures are turned toward opposite sides. Striae biseriate, 18-24 in 10 µm.

Lindavia affinis

Cyclotella affinis

  1. Stria density 13-18 in 10 µm
  2. Central area extends halfway to valve margin
  3. Central areolae irregular to slightly radial
  4. Rimoportulae 1-3

Centric - The flat central area is either raised or depressed and located about halfway between the valve center and margin. In the central area, the fultoportulae and areolae are usually arranged randomly, although they may be slightly radial. Stria density is 13-18 in 10 µm. One to three rimoportulae are located at the central ends of shortened stria.

Lindavia antiqua

  1. Central star-shape
  2. Striae unequal in length
  3. Shadow lines visible

Centric - Valves are small to moderate sized, with a unique central star-shaped cluster of triangular punctate fields. Shadow lines, termed Schattenlinien in German texts, are visible among the striae. Striae are slightly unequal in length.

Lindavia bodanica

Puncticulata bodanica
Handmannia bodanica
Cyclotella comta var. bodanica

  1. Valve face weakly undulate
  2. Central ornamentation covers 2/3 of valve diameter
  3. Central ornamentation variable
  4. Rimoportulae 2-5

Centric - Valves are weakly concentrically undulate. The central ornamentation is composed of areolae covering 2/3 of the valve face radius. Central areolae may be arranged in central rosette surrounded by an annulus, radial rows, or a randomly arrangement. Two to five rimoportulae are present at the end of a shortened stria.

Lindavia comensis

  1. Valves small
  2. Valve face colliculate
  3. Valve face tangentially undulate
  4. Striae vary in length

Centric - Valves are small, with a colliculate and tangentially undulate valve face. The ornamentation of the central area varies from star-shaped to irregular. Striae vary in length.

Lindavia delicatula

  1. Valve face flat
  2. Valve center colliculate
  3. Single fultoportula
  4. Single rimoportula

Centric - The valve face is flat, and the valve center is colliculate. A single fultoportula is present. A single rimoportula is present on a shortened stria, opposite a single central fultoportula.

Lindavia eriensis

Cyclotella americana
Stephanodiscus americana

  1. Valve face strongly undulate
  2. Rimoportulae 2-4
  3. Central area covers 1/2 of valve diameter
  4. Marginal fultoportulae every 2-3 costae

Centric - Valves are concave or convex, with a strong concentrically undulate valve face. Valve face with 2-4 rimoportulae. Central area covering approximately 1/2 of the valve diameter. Marginal fultoportulae are seen as shadow lines near the valve margin, positioned on every 2-3 costae. This species is considered to be extinct.

Lindavia intermedia

  1. Stria density 11-13 in 10 µm
  2. Central area ~1/3 of total diameter
  3. Areolae in central area random to slightly-radial
  4. Rimoportulae 2-3

Centric - The central area is about 1/3 of the total diameter. In the central area, the fultoportulae and areolae are usually arranged randomly, although they may be slightly radial. Stria density is 11-13 in 10 µm. Two or three equally-spaced, or slightly unevenly-spaced, rimoportulae are located at the central ends of shortened striae.

Lindavia michiganiana

  1. Valve face tangentially undulate
  2. Depressed portion of valve ornamented
  3. Striae reduced in length near the raised portion of valve

Centric - Valves are tangentially undulate with ornamentation on the depressed portion. Alveolate striae cover roughly the outer 1/3 of the valve face, and are reduced in length on the raised portion of the valve.

Lindavia ocellata

  1. Orbiculi depressi and papillae 2-6
  2. Central area 1/3-2/3 of valve face
  3. Striae end irregularly around central area
  4. Marginal costae may branch
  5. Marginal fultoportula every 4-5 costa

Centric - Valves are disc-shaped, with 2-6 orbiculi depressi and papillae in the central area. The central area is about 1/3-2/3 of the valve face. The central area is often variable in shape because of the irregular proximal striae ends. Costae branch in some specimens, bearing marginal fultoportulae every 4-5 costae.

Lindavia praetermissa

  1. Valve face nearly flat
  2. Central area with many uniform-sized areolae
  3. Central areolae scattered or arranged in weakly radiate rows
  4. Marginal striae short, with shadow lines

Centric - Valves are nearly flat valves and a central area consisting of many uniform-sized areolae. The central areolae are scattered or arranged in weakly radiate rows. Marginal striae are short and have shadow lines.

Lindavia radiosa

Cyclotella radiosa

  1. Central areolae in radial rows
  2. Central areolae coarse
  3. Marginal striae occupy about half valve radius
  4. Marginal striae with shadow lines

Centric - Valves are concentrically undulate and radially wrinkled. The central areolae are coarse, equal in size and arranged in radial rows. Marginal striae have shadow lines and occupy about half of the valve radius.

Lindavia rossii

  1. Valve face flat
  2. Ornamentation in central area variable in size and arrangement
  3. Striae uniformly-spaced at valve margin

Centric - Valves are flat, with colliculate face and regularly-spaced, thin marginal striae. Ornamentation in the central area is variable in size and arrangement (note that areolae are absent from the central area). Striae are uniformly-spaced at the valve margin

Luticola minor

  1. Valves linear-lanceolate
  2. Central puncta erratic near margin
  3. Areolae coarse
  4. Striae radiate

Symmetrical biraphid - Valves are large and linear-lanceolate. Apices are cuneate. Striae are radiate. The central area includes a distinct stigma and scattered puncta. Areolae are coarse and easily visible in LM, measuring 18-20 in 10 µm.

Luticola mobiliensis

  1. Valves large
  2. Apices cuneate
  3. Central area puncta irregular
  4. Areolae coarse
  5. Striae radiate throughout

Symmetrical biraphid - Valves are large, with cuneate apices. Striae are radiate, with a higher stria density near the apices. The central area is incomplete and characterized by irregular, scattered puncta. Areolae are coarse and easily visible in LM.

Luticola stigma

  1. Apices protracted
  2. Stigma distinct
  3. Central area with short, marginal striae

Symmetrical biraphid - Valves with protracted apices. A single, distinct stigma is present, placed relatively close to the valve margin. Short, marginal striae, or isolated areolae, at the central area.