Gregory 1857 Category: Nitzschioid
BASIONYM: Tryblionella apiculata Gregory 1857
SYNONYM(S): Nitzschia apiculata (Gregory) Grunow 1878
REPORTED AS: Nitzschia constricta (Krammer and Lange-Bertalot, 1988, Taf. 15, Figs 1-6)
Contributor: Marge Penton - June 2013
Length Range: 39-47 µm
Width Range: 5-7 µm
Striae in 10 µm: 15-17
Valves are linear and constricted in the middle. The ends are expanded, so that the valves are panduriform in shape. The apices are protracted and apiculate to subcapitate. A longitudinal fold is present along the the length of the axial area. On some valves, the fold appears as lack striae, or ghost striae may be apparent. The ratio of striae to fibulae is 1:1, and they can be seen to align with one another. The raphe is eccentric. Although a central nodule is present, it is not always easily seen.
Krammer and Lange-Bertalot (1988, pg. 43) report species as Nitzschia constricta (Kützing) Ralfs in Pritchard 1861 non (Gregory) Grunow in Cleve and Grunow 1880. This taxon has also been referred to as Tryblionella constricta Gregory 1855 in some references. Note that Mann (1990) transferred Nitzschia constricta to Psammodictyon constrictum (Gregory) Mann, but that P. constrictum is a marine taxon quite different from T. apiculata.
Basionym: Tryblionella apiculata
Author: Gregory 1857
Length Range: 38-43 µm
Striae in 10 µm: 17-18
Form linear, narrow, slightly constricted in the middle; extremities apiculate. Keel strongly marked in many specimens, striae fine but distinct, about 45 in 0.001”. Length 0.0015” to 0.0017”. The striation is peculiar, for in many species it is easy to see not only transverse, but oblique striae.
Gregory, W. (1857). On the Post-Tertiary Diatomaceous Sand of Glenshira. Part II. Transactions of the Microscopical Society of London 5:67-88, pl. I.
Krammer, K. and Lange-Bertalot, H. (1988). Bacillariophyceae. 2. Teil: Bacillariaceae, Epithemiaceae, Surirellaceae. In: Ettl, H., J. Gerloff, H. Heynig and D. Mollenhauer (eds.) Susswasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2/2. Gustav Fisher Verlag, Jena.
Round, F.E., Crawford, R.M. and Mann, D.G. (1990). The Diatoms. Biology and Morphology of the Genera. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 747 pp.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) western Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) study was completed during the years 2000-2004 (see citations at bottom of this page). Over 1200 streams and rivers in 12 western states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington and Wyoming) were selected for sampling based on a stratified randomized design. This type of design insures that ecological resources are sampled in proportion to their actual geographical presence. Stratified randomized design also allows for estimates of stream length with a known confidence in several “condition classes” (good or least-disturbed, intermediately-disturbed, and poor or most-disturbed) for biotic condition, chemistry and habitat.
Results are published in:
Johnson, T., Hermann, K., Spaulding, S., Beyea, B., Theel, C., Sada, R., Bollman, W., Bowman, J., Larsen, A., Vining, K., Ostermiller, J., Petersen, D. Hargett, E. and Zumberge, J. (2009). An ecological assessment of USEPA Region 8 streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Report, 178 p.
Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Olsen, A. R., Larsen, D. P., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Hughes, R. M., Whittier, T. R., Lomnicky, G. A., Herlihy, A. T., Kaufman, P. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., Paulsen, S. G., and Blair, R. (2005). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) western streams and rivers statistical summary. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/006, 1,762 p.
Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Paulsen, S. G., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Herlihy, A. T., Hughes, R. M., Kaufman, P. R., Larsen, D. P., Lomnicky, G. A., Olsen, A. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., and Whittier, T. R. (2005). An ecological assessment of western streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/005, 49 p.