Surirella amphioxys

W. Smith 1856      Category: Surirelloid
BASIONYM: Surirella (Suriraya) amphioxys W. Smith 1856
SYNONYM(S): Surirella biseriata f. amphioxys (W. Smith) Hustedt 
REPORTED AS: Surirella moelleriana (Grunow (Hustedt 1930, pg. 435, fig. 842)) 

Stephanodiscus yellowstonensis

 

Surirella angusta

LM scalebar = 10 µm = 40 pixels.



Observations

Contributor: Jonathan English - February 2011
Length Range: 28-48 µm
Width Range: 13.5-17 µm
Striae in 10 µm: 16-20

Description

Valves are 28-48 µm long by 13.5-17 µm wide with a length to width ratio between 2 and 3. The keel is low and no alar wings are visible. Valves are isopolar with cuneate apices and straight, parallel sides. The valve face is strongly undulate (structures termed “porca”). These porca appear as rectanglar structures in the LM. Each porcum is 2-3 µm wide by 4-5 µm long and is transverse by 3-4 costae, with1-2 costae between each porcum. Costae are 16-20 in 10 µm, extending from the margin to the apical axis, where they meet the axial line. Four to five rows of round areolae occur between the costae, visible only in the SEM. A distinct, flat central area occurs about the axial line. Around the valve margin are what appear to be large areolae in the LM, but in the SEM these “areolae” are actually indentations in the valve face corresponding to fibulae in the interior of the valve. Areolae on the surface of the indentations directly beneath the keel penetrate to the mantle. Indentations, or portulae occur on the mantle face, corresponding to those on the valve face.



Original Description

Basionym: Surirella (Suriraya) amphioxys
Author: W. Smith 1856
Length Range: 30.5 µm
Width Range: 12.7 µm
Striae in 10 µm:

Original Description

Surirella amphioxys, n. sp. F. V. linear; V. elliptical-lanceolate, extremities subactute; canaliculi 9 in .001”. Length of frustule .0012”. Breadth of valve .0005”. v.v.

Fresh water. Haverfordwest, August 1855, Mr. Okeden

Original Images


Cite This Page:
English, J. (2011). Surirella amphioxys. In Diatoms of the United States. Retrieved April 20, 2014, from http://westerndiatoms.colorado.edu/taxa/species/surirella_amphioxys

Species: Surirella amphioxys

Contributor: Jonathan English

Reviewer: Sam Rushforth

Citations

Krammer, K. and Lange-Bertalot, H. (1988). Bacillariophyceae. 2. Teil: Bacillariaceae, Epithemiaceae, Surirellaceae. In: Ettl, H., J. Gerloff, H. Heynig and D. Mollenhauer (eds.) Susswasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2/2. Gustav Fisher Verlag, Jena.

Smith, W. (1856). Synopsis of British Diatomaceae. John Van Voorst, London 1856. 2: 107pp., pls. 32-60, 61-62, A-E.

Links & ID's

Index Nominum Algarum (INA)

Original INA

California Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Surirella amphioxys CAS

North American Diatom Ecological Database (NADED)

NADED ID: 65069

Autecology Discussion