Stephanodiscus binderanus

(Kützing) Krieger 1927      Category: Centric
BASIONYM: Melosira binderana Kützing 1844

Stephanodiscus alpinus

 

Stephanodiscus hantzschii

LM scalebar = 10 µm = 80 pixels.



Observations

Contributor: Mark Edlund | David R.L. Burge - September 2016
Diameter: 6.3-11.8 µm
Mantle Height: 2.6-4.7 µm
Rows of areolae in 10 µm: 10 to 15 based on circumferential density

Description

Colonies are often preserved in samples. In girdle view, frustules are barrel-shaped cells. The valve faces of neighboring cells may be linked in in short to long chains by marginal spines. In valve view, the face is round and flat, with a deep mantle. Areolae at the center of the valve are arranged in a weak annulus. Uniseriate striae radiate from center to the valve margin. Areolae number 15-17 in 10 µm. Linking spines are present on each interfascicle, at the mantle-face junction. In girdle view, marginal fultoportulae can be observed below every third or fourth interfascicle on the valve mantle. Central fultoportulae are absent.



Original Description

Basionym: Melosira binderana
Author: Kützing 1844
Diameter: µm
Rows of areolae in 10 µm:

Original Description

Original Images


Cite This Page:
Edlund, M., and Burge, D. (2016). Stephanodiscus binderanus. In Diatoms of the United States. Retrieved June 26, 2017, from http://westerndiatoms.colorado.edu/taxa/species/stephanodiscus_binderanus

Species: Stephanodiscus binderanus

Contributor: Mark Edlund | David R.L. Burge

Reviewer: Euan Reavie

Citations

Hawryshyn, J., Rühland, K.M., Julius, M. and Smol, J.P. (2012). Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence: Is Stephanodiscus binderanus (Bacillariophyceae) an exotic species in the Great Lakes Region?. Journal of Phycology 48 (2): 270–274.

Hohn, M.H. (1969). Qualitative and quantitative analyses of plankton diatoms, Bass Island area, Lake Erie,1938–1965. Bulletin of the Ohio Biological Survey 3: 1–211.

Krieger, W. (1927). Zur Biologie des Flussplanktons. Untersuchungen uber das Potamoplankton des Havelgebietes. Pflanzenforschung 10: 1-61.

Kützing, F.T. (1844). Die kieselschaligen Bacillarien oder Diatomeen. Nordhausen. 152 pp., 30 pls.

Munawar, M. and Munawar, I.F. (1976). A lakewide study of phytoplankton biomass and its species composition in Lake Erie, April–December 1970. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 33(3): 581-600.

Reavie, E.D. and Kireta, A.R. (2015). Centric, Araphid and Eunotioid Diatoms of the Coastal Laurentian Great Lakes. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 62:1-184.

Spaulding, S.A., Kilroy, C. and Edlund, M. (2010). Diatoms as invasive species. In: Smol, J. & E.F. Stoermer (eds). The Diatoms: Applications for the Environmental and Earth Sciences. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. pgs. 560-569.

Stoermer, E.F., Wolin, J.A., Schelske, C.K. and Conley, D.J. (1985). An assessment of ecological changes during the recent history of Lake Ontario based on siliceous algal microfossils preserved in sediments. Journal of Phycology 21: 257-276.

Stoermer, E. F. and Yang, J. J. (1969). Plankton diatom assemblages in Lake Michigan. Univ. Michigan, Great Lakes Res. Div. Spec. Rep. No. 47, 168 pp.

Links & ID's

Index Nominum Algarum (INA)

Transfer INA
Original INA

California Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Stephanodiscus binderanus CAS

North American Diatom Ecological Database (NADED)

NADED ID: 64036

Autecology Discussion

Stephanodiscus binderanus is reported from across the Laurentian Great Lakes (Reavie and Kireta 2015) and has been reported as a nuisance alga because it clogs water treatment systems and creates foul tastes and odors in the water (Hohn 1969). Several authors have found this taxon to bloom during eutrophic conditions (Stoermer and Yang 1969, Munawar and Munawar 1976). Paleolimnological evidence shows that S. binderanus was introduced to the Laurentian Great Lakes in the 1940s (Stoermer et al. 1985, Spaulding et al. 2010); however, it has been reported from the paleo-record in Lake Simcoe, Ontario, Canada as early as the late 17th century (Hawryshyn et al. 2012).

Images

Distribution of S. binderanus in rivers of the continental U.S. based on the National Water Quality Assessment program. Retrieved September 9, 2016.

Credit/Source: USGS/BioData