Stauroneis bryocola

Van de Vijver and Lange-Bertalot 2004      Category: Symmetrical biraphid
BASIONYM: Stauroneis bryocola Van de Vijver and Lange-Bertalot 2004

Stauroneis boyntoniae

 

Stauroneis circumborealis

LM scalebar = 10 µm = 80 pixels.



Observations

Contributor: Loren Bahls - December 2011
Length Range: 41-58 µm
Width Range: 8.3-9.8 µm
Striae in 10 µm: 27-30

Description

Valves are lanceolate with gradually attenuated, subtly protracted, and broadly rounded rostrate apices. The axial area is narrow and widens slightly near the central area. The central area is a rectangular stauros. Short striae are sometimes present at the margins. The raphe is lateral with straight proximal ends. Striae are slightly radiate in the middle, becoming more radiate toward the apices. Areolae are irregularly spaced, difficult to resolve in LM and number 24-30 in 10 µm.



Original Description

Basionym: Stauroneis bryocola
Author: Van de Vijver and Lange-Bertalot 2004
Length Range: 40-57 µm
Width Range: 7-8.5 µm
Striae in 10 µm: 24-27

Original Description

Valves lanceolate to rhomboidal-lanceolate with protracted, rostrate-subcapitate ends. Pseudosepta absent. Length 40-57 µm, breadth 7-8.5 µm. Axial area narrow to moderately broad, linear, only slightly rhombically expanded near the central area. Central area forming an almost rectangular fascia, not expanded towards the valve margins. Raphe fissures lateral. Central endings straight, never curved to the very small, indistinct central pores. Striae slightly to moderately radiate in the middle, more radiate near the valve ends, 24-27 in 10 µm. Puncta of the striae irregularly spaced, 25-30 in 10 µm.

Original Images


Cite This Page:
Bahls, L. (2011). Stauroneis bryocola. In Diatoms of the United States. Retrieved August 21, 2014, from http://westerndiatoms.colorado.edu/taxa/species/stauroneis_bryocola

Species: Stauroneis bryocola

Contributor: Loren Bahls

Reviewer: Marina Potapova

Citations

Bahls, L. (2010). Stauroneis in the Northern Rockies: 50 species of Stauroneis sensu stricto from western Montana, northern Idaho, northeastern Washington and southwestern Alberta, including 16 species described as new. Northwest Diatoms, Volume 4. The Montana Diatom Collection, Helena, 172 pp.

Reichardt, E. (1995). Die Diatomeen (Bacillariophyceae) in Ehrenbergs Material von Cayenne, Guyana Gallica (1843). Volume 1, Iconographia Diatomologica (H. Lange-Bertalot, ed.). Koeltz Scientific Books, Konigstein.

Van de Vijver, B., Beyens, L. and Lange-Bertalot, H. (2004). The genus Stauroneis in Arctic and Antarctic Regions. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 50, 312 pp.

Links & ID's

Index Nominum Algarum (INA)

California Academy of Sciences (CAS)

North American Diatom Ecological Database (NADED)

NADED ID:

Autecology Discussion

Stauroneis bryocola is known from four lakes and ponds in southwestern Montana. The pH of these waters ranges from 6.5 to 7.8 and specific conductance ranges from 21 to 41 µS/cm. The type locality for Stauroneis bryocola is Heard Island in the sub-Antarctic Region, where it was found among wet mosses in some small tarns (Van de Vijver et al. 2004).

Images

Bloody Dick Pond No. 2, Beaverhead County, Montana: home of Stauroneis bryocola.

Credit/Source: Loren Bahls