Sellaphora atomoides

(Grunow) Wetzel and Van de Vijver 2015      Category: Symmetrical biraphid
BASIONYM: Navicula atomoides Grunow 1880
SYNONYM(S): Navicula minima var. atomoides (Grunow) Cleve 
REPORTED AS: Navicula tantula (Hustedt 1934, pl. 399, figs 54-57) | Eolimna minima (Moser et al. 1998, vol. 38, pg. 153) | Eolimna tantula (Werum and Lange-Bertalot 2004, pg. 147, pl. 39, figs 8, 9; pl. 40, fig. 1) 

Sellaphora americana

 

Sellaphora bacilloides

LM scalebar = 10 µm = 80 pixels.



Observations

Contributor: Alison Minerovic - May 2016
Length Range: 5-15 µm
Width Range: 2.6-3.5 µm
Striae in 10 µm: 30-36

Description

Valves are small, linear to linear-elliptic with broadly rounded apices. The axial area is narrow, widening slightly toward the central area. The central area is distinctly rectangular or bow tie-shaped, with one areola of each stria extending onto the shallow mantle. The raphe is filiform, with proximal ends slightly ‘tear-drop’ shaped. Distal raphe ends are deflected to same side, terminating internally in small helictoglossae. Striae are radiate, uniseriate, and noticeably curved near the central area. Areolae are occluded internally. Polar bars are absent, but large apical perforations are present and occluded internally.

There has been much confusion regarding the taxonomic identity of Sellaphora atomoides and related species. The recent treatment of the former Eolimna minima and Sellaphora seminulum species complexes are further explained in Wetzel et al. (2015), and the specimens illustrated here appear to agree with the treatment of S. atomoides described by the Wetzel et al.



Original Description

Basionym: Navicula atomoides
Author: Grunow 1880
Length Range: 8 µm
Width Range: 4 µm
Striae in 10 µm: 27-30

Original Description

Original Images


Cite This Page:
Minerovic, A. (2016). Sellaphora atomoides. In Diatoms of the United States. Retrieved April 26, 2017, from http://westerndiatoms.colorado.edu/taxa/species/sellaphora_atomoides

Species: Sellaphora atomoides

Contributor: Alison Minerovic

Reviewer: Eduardo Morales

Citations

Van Heurck, H. (1880). Synopsis des Diatomées de Belgique. Atlas. Ducaju & Cie., Anvers.

Wetzel, C.E., Ector, L., Van de Vijver, B., Compère, P. and Mann, D.G. (2015). Morphology, typification and critical analysis of some ecologically important small naviculoid species (Bacillariophyta). Fottea, Olomouc 15(2): 203–234. 10.5507/fot.2015.020

Links & ID's

Index Nominum Algarum (INA)

INA

California Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Sellaphora atomoides CAS

North American Diatom Ecological Database (NADED)

NADED ID: 170133

Autecology Discussion

Sellaphora atomoides has been verified from aerial habitats and ‘pristine’ conditions. The taxonomic treatment and autecology of S. atomoides is very recent and has likely been reported under different names in the past, including Eolimna minima, Eolimna tantula, and Sellaphora seminulum. Because small-celled naviculoid taxa are often dominant in benthic freshwater communities, they are considered ecologically important taxa and in need of revision and further scrutiny. The recent treatment by Wetzel et al. (2015) will aid in clarifying the habitat preferences and distribution of S. atomoides and related taxa.