Lange-Bertalot and Simonsen 1978 Category: Nitzschioid
BASIONYM: Nitzschia valdecostata Lange-Bertalot and Simonsen 1978
Contributor: Pat Kociolek - September 2011
Length Range: 10-25 µm
Width Range: 3.0-5.0 µm
Striae in 10 µm: 17-19
The valves are linear-elliptical, with the smallest valves elliptical in outline. The apices are rounded. The raphe has stout, distinct fibulae with a density of 7-9 in 10 µm. The middle two fibulae are closer together than the others. The striae are distinct, with the areolae being either not resolved, or indistinct.
Basionym: Nitzschia valdecostata
Author: Lange-Bertalot and Simonsen 1978
Length Range: 14.0-25.0 µm
Width Range: 3.5-4.0 µm
Striae in 10 µm: 17-19
Lange-Bertalot, H. and Simonsen, R. (1978). A taxonomic revision of the Nitzschiae lanceolatae Grunow. 2. European and related extra-European fresh water and brackish water taxa. Bacillaria 1:11-111.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) western Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) study was completed during the years 2000-2004 (see citations at bottom of this page). Over 1200 streams and rivers in 12 western states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington and Wyoming) were selected for sampling based on a stratified randomized design. This type of design insures that ecological resources are sampled in proportion to their actual geographical presence. Stratified randomized design also allows for estimates of stream length with a known confidence in several “condition classes” (good or least-disturbed, intermediately-disturbed, and poor or most-disturbed) for biotic condition, chemistry and habitat.
Results are published in:
Johnson, T., Hermann, K., Spaulding, S., Beyea, B., Theel, C., Sada, R., Bollman, W., Bowman, J., Larsen, A., Vining, K., Ostermiller, J., Petersen, D. Hargett, E. and Zumberge, J. (2009). An ecological assessment of USEPA Region 8 streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Report, 178 p.
Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Olsen, A. R., Larsen, D. P., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Hughes, R. M., Whittier, T. R., Lomnicky, G. A., Herlihy, A. T., Kaufman, P. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., Paulsen, S. G., and Blair, R. (2005). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) western streams and rivers statistical summary. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/006, 1,762 p.
Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Paulsen, S. G., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Herlihy, A. T., Hughes, R. M., Kaufman, P. R., Larsen, D. P., Lomnicky, G. A., Olsen, A. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., and Whittier, T. R. (2005). An ecological assessment of western streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/005, 49 p.