Navicula gregaria

Donkin 1861      Category: Symmetrical biraphid
BASIONYM: Navicula gregaria Donkin 1861

Navicula goersii


Navicula hodgeana

LM scalebar = 10 µm = 80 pixels.


Contributor: Marina Potapova - February 2011
Length Range: 16-35 µm
Width Range: 4.1-7.0 µm
Striae in 10 µm: 14-18 in the center valve


Valves are lanceolate with protracted apices. The axial area is narrow and straight. The central area is asymmetric and elliptical. The raphe is straight, with external proximal raphe ends sharply bent toward primary side of the valve. Striae are slightly radiate around the center, becoming parallel, then convergent at the apices. The areolae are clearly visible under LM, numbering 25-32 in 10 μm.

Note that the concept presented here is broad. Others (Lange-Bertalot 2001) report that two distinct morphologies are present on the original Donkin microslide. There is additional discussion on N. gregaria and N. supergregaria in Lange-Bertalot (2001, pg. 85-86, figs. 8-25).

Original Description

Basionym: Navicula gregaria
Author: Donkin 1861
Length Range: µm
Striae in 10 µm:

Original Description

Navicula gregaria, n. sp.-Form on S. V. broadly lanceolate, apiculate; striæ obscure.

Original Images

Cite This Page:
Potapova, M. (2011). Navicula gregaria. In Diatoms of the United States. Retrieved October 09, 2015, from

Species: Navicula gregaria

Contributor: Marina Potapova

Reviewer: Mark Edlund


Cox, E.J. (1995). Taxonomic studies on the diatom genus Navicula Bory VII. The identity and typification of Navicula gregaria Donkin, N. cryptocephala Kutz. and related taxa. Diatom Research 10: 91-111.

Donkin, A.S. (1861). On the marine Diatomaceae of Northumberland with a description of several new species. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, new series, London 1:1-15.

Links & ID's

Index Nominum Algarum (INA)

Original INA

California Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Navicula gregaria CAS

NCBI Genbank Taxonomy

Navicula gregaria NCBI

North American Diatom Ecological Database (NADED)

NADED ID: 46023

Autecology Discussion

EMAP Assessment

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) western Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) study was completed during the years 2000-2004 (see citations at bottom of this page). Over 1200 streams and rivers in 12 western states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington and Wyoming) were selected for sampling based on a stratified randomized design. This type of design insures that ecological resources are sampled in proportion to their actual geographical presence. Stratified randomized design also allows for estimates of stream length with a known confidence in several “condition classes” (good or least-disturbed, intermediately-disturbed, and poor or most-disturbed) for biotic condition, chemistry and habitat.

EMAP Distribution

Navicula gregaria

EMAP Response Plots

Navicula gregaria

EMAP citations

Results are published in:

Johnson, T., Hermann, K., Spaulding, S., Beyea, B., Theel, C., Sada, R., Bollman, W., Bowman, J., Larsen, A., Vining, K., Ostermiller, J., Petersen, D. Hargett, E. and Zumberge, J. (2009). An ecological assessment of USEPA Region 8 streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Report, 178 p.

Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Olsen, A. R., Larsen, D. P., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Hughes, R. M., Whittier, T. R., Lomnicky, G. A., Herlihy, A. T., Kaufman, P. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., Paulsen, S. G., and Blair, R. (2005). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) western streams and rivers statistical summary. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/006, 1,762 p.

Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Paulsen, S. G., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Herlihy, A. T., Hughes, R. M., Kaufman, P. R., Larsen, D. P., Lomnicky, G. A., Olsen, A. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., and Whittier, T. R. (2005). An ecological assessment of western streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/005, 49 p.