(Agardh) Levkov 2009 Category: Asymmetrical biraphid
BASIONYM: Frustulia coffeaeformis Agardh 1827
SYNONYM(S): Amphora coffeaeformis (Agardh) Kützing 1844
Contributor: Joshua Stepanek - February 2011
Length Range: 15-40 µm
Width Range: 5-7 µm
Striae in 10 µm: 17-21 in the center, becoming 22-24 near the poles
Valves are semi-lanceolate to semi-elliptical and strongly dorsiventral. The dorsal margin is smoothly to flatly arched. The ventral margin is straight to slightly concave. The valve ends are protracted, narrowly rostrate to subcapitate, and slightly ventrally deflected. The raphe is positioned close to the ventral margin. The raphe is straight or may have a gradual dorsal bend near the central valve. The proximal raphe ends are weakly inflated with a slight dorsal deflection. The dorsal axial area is narrow narrow, while the ventral side is wider. A dorsal fascia is absent, a ventral fascia is present but difficult to resolve in the light microscope due to the indistinct ventral striae. The dorsal striae are uninterrupted, slightly radiate, becoming more radiate at the poles. The ventral striae are often difficult to resolve and are radiate near the center, and convergent at the poles.
Basionym: Frustulia coffeaeformis
Author: Agardh 1827
Length Range: µm
Striae in 10 µm:
Agardh, C.A. (1827). Aufzählung einiger in den ostereichischen Ländern gefundenen neuen Gattungen und Arten von Algen nebst ihrer Diagnostik und beigefugten Bemerkungen. Flora oder Botanische Zeitung, Regensburg 2:625-640.
Archibald, R.E.M. and Shoeman, F.R. (1984). Amphora coffeaeformis (Agardh) Kutzing: a revision of the species under light and electron microscopy. S. Afr. J. Bot. 3: 83-102.
Levkov, Z. (2009). Amphora sensu lato. In Diatoms of Europe, Volume 5. (H. Lange-Bertalot, ed). A.R.G. Gantner Verlag K.G. 916pp.
Patrick, R.M. and Reimer, C.W. (1975). The Diatoms of the United States, exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii, V. 2. Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 13.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) western Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) study was completed during the years 2000-2004 (see citations at bottom of this page). Over 1200 streams and rivers in 12 western states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington and Wyoming) were selected for sampling based on a stratified randomized design. This type of design insures that ecological resources are sampled in proportion to their actual geographical presence. Stratified randomized design also allows for estimates of stream length with a known confidence in several “condition classes” (good or least-disturbed, intermediately-disturbed, and poor or most-disturbed) for biotic condition, chemistry and habitat.
Results are published in:
Johnson, T., Hermann, K., Spaulding, S., Beyea, B., Theel, C., Sada, R., Bollman, W., Bowman, J., Larsen, A., Vining, K., Ostermiller, J., Petersen, D. Hargett, E. and Zumberge, J. (2009). An ecological assessment of USEPA Region 8 streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Report, 178 p.
Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Olsen, A. R., Larsen, D. P., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Hughes, R. M., Whittier, T. R., Lomnicky, G. A., Herlihy, A. T., Kaufman, P. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., Paulsen, S. G., and Blair, R. (2005). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) western streams and rivers statistical summary. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/006, 1,762 p.
Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Paulsen, S. G., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Herlihy, A. T., Hughes, R. M., Kaufman, P. R., Larsen, D. P., Lomnicky, G. A., Olsen, A. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., and Whittier, T. R. (2005). An ecological assessment of western streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/005, 49 p.