(M. Schmidt) Lange-Bertalot 1995 Category: Asymmetrical biraphid
BASIONYM: Gomphonema grovei M. Schmidt in Schmidt et al. 1899
Contributor: Pat Kociolek - September 2011
Length Range: 15-70 µm
Width Range: 8-11 µm
Striae in 10 µm: 10-12
Valves are linear-clavate with a broadly rounded headpole. In some specimens the headpole may possess an acute tip. The footpole is rounded. Raphe is filiform, straight and does not reach the margin at either pole. The two raphe branches are usually of unequal lengths. Striae are usually short and near the margin, but there may be isolated areolae extending into the broad axial area. The footpole has a higher striae density near the terminus. Stigmata, septa and pseudosepta are lacking.
Basionym: Gomphonema grovei
Author: M. Schmidt in Schmidt et al. 1899
Length Range: µm
Striae in 10 µm:
Kociolek, J.P., Yang, J.-R. and Stoermer, E.F. (1988). Taxonomy, ultrastructure and systematic position of the Gomphonema grovei M. Schm.-species complex (Bacillariophyceae). Nova Hedwigia 47: 145-158.
Lange-Bertalot, H. (1995). Gomphosphenia paradoxa nov. spec. et nov. gen. und Vorschlag zur Lösung taxonomischer Probleme infolge eines veränderten Gattungskonzepts von Gomphonema (Bacillariophyceae). Nova Hedwigia, 60(1-2): 241-252 .
Schmidt, A. (-). (1874-1959). Atlas der Diatomaceen-Kunde, von Adolf Schmidt, continued by Martin Schmidt, Friedrich Fricke, Heinrich Heiden, Otto Muller, Friedrich Hustedt. Reprint 1984, Koeltz Scientific Books, Konigstein, 480 plates.
NADED ID: 209001
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) western Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) study was completed during the years 2000-2004 (see citations at bottom of this page). Over 1200 streams and rivers in 12 western states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington and Wyoming) were selected for sampling based on a stratified randomized design. This type of design insures that ecological resources are sampled in proportion to their actual geographical presence. Stratified randomized design also allows for estimates of stream length with a known confidence in several “condition classes” (good or least-disturbed, intermediately-disturbed, and poor or most-disturbed) for biotic condition, chemistry and habitat.
Results are published in:
Johnson, T., Hermann, K., Spaulding, S., Beyea, B., Theel, C., Sada, R., Bollman, W., Bowman, J., Larsen, A., Vining, K., Ostermiller, J., Petersen, D. Hargett, E. and Zumberge, J. (2009). An ecological assessment of USEPA Region 8 streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Report, 178 p.
Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Olsen, A. R., Larsen, D. P., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Hughes, R. M., Whittier, T. R., Lomnicky, G. A., Herlihy, A. T., Kaufman, P. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., Paulsen, S. G., and Blair, R. (2005). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) western streams and rivers statistical summary. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/006, 1,762 p.
Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Paulsen, S. G., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Herlihy, A. T., Hughes, R. M., Kaufman, P. R., Larsen, D. P., Lomnicky, G. A., Olsen, A. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., and Whittier, T. R. (2005). An ecological assessment of western streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/005, 49 p.