Gomphonema mexicanum

Grunow in Van Heurck 1880      Category: Asymmetrical biraphid
BASIONYM: Gomphonema mexicanum Grunow in Van Heurck 1880

Gomphonema mehleri


Gomphonema reimeri

LM scalebar = 10 µm = 40 pixels.


Contributor: Pat Kociolek - March 2011
Length Range: 26-55 µm
Width Range: 9-13 µm
Striae in 10 µm: 9-11


Valves are elliptical-clavate with the headpole produced slightly and broadly rostrate and footpole rounded. Axial area is straight, expanded slightly due to a shortened stria on either side of the central area. A single stigma is present in the central area. The internal opening of the stigma opening is offset from the external opening. The raphe is lateral and weakly undulate. External proximal raphe ends are dilated slightly. Striae are punctate, parallel to radiate, number 9-11 in 10 µm and are strongly radiate at the footpole. An apical pore field is present at the footpole. Septa and pseudosepta are present at the poles.

There is no evidence to support Krammer and Lange-Bertalot”s (1986) inclusion of this species within “Gomphonema clavatum Ehrenberg” (compare the forms in plate 163, Fig. 9 for G. mexicanum in that reference).

Original Description

Basionym: Gomphonema mexicanum
Author: Grunow in Van Heurck 1880
Length Range: µm
Striae in 10 µm:

Original Description

Original Images

Cite This Page:
Kociolek, P. (2011). Gomphonema mexicanum. In Diatoms of the United States. Retrieved August 29, 2016, from http://westerndiatoms.colorado.edu/taxa/species/gomphonema_mexicanum

Species: Gomphonema mexicanum

Contributor: Pat Kociolek

Reviewer: Marina Potapova


Patrick, R.M. and Reimer, C.W. (1975). The Diatoms of the United States, exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii, V. 2. Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 13.

Links & ID's

Index Nominum Algarum (INA)

California Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Gomphonema mexicanum CAS

North American Diatom Ecological Database (NADED)

NADED ID: 37163

Autecology Discussion