Cymbopleura naviculiformis

(Auersw.) Krammer 2003      Category: Asymmetrical biraphid
BASIONYM: Cymbella naviculiformis Auersw. ex Heib. 1863

REPORTED AS: Cymbella naviculiformis (Patrick and Reimer 1975, plate 4, fig. 9) | Cymbella naviculiformis (Krammer and Lange-Bertalot 1986, fig. 145: 6-11) 

Cymbopleura metzeltinii


Cymbopleura oblongata

LM scalebar = 10 µm = 80 pixels.


Contributor: Loren Bahls - July 2012
Length Range: 35-40 µm
Width Range: 9.1-11.4 µm
Striae in 10 µm: 10-16 at center valve, 15-19 at the ends


Valves are elliptic-lanceolate and moderately dorsiventral, with a strongly arched dorsal margin and a slightly convex to nearly flat ventral margin. Apices are rostrate to subcapitate. The axial area is narrowly lanceolate and expands gradually towards a large rounded central area. The raphe is lateral and becomes filiform near the proximal ends, which are deflected slightly towards the ventral margin. Proximal raphe ends are not expanded and tipped with short hooks. Distal raphe ends are deflected dorsally. Striae are slightly radiate throughout and somewhat more closely spaced on the ventral side. Areolae number about 35 in 10 µm.

Original Description

Basionym: Cymbella naviculiformis
Author: Auersw. ex Heib. 1863
Length Range: µm
Striae in 10 µm:

Original Description

Original Images

Cite This Page:
Bahls, L. (2012). Cymbopleura naviculiformis. In Diatoms of the United States. Retrieved April 23, 2018, from

Species: Cymbopleura naviculiformis

Contributor: Loren Bahls

Reviewer: Sarah Spaulding


Krammer, K. (2003). Cymbopleura, Delicata, Navicymbula, Gomphocymbellopsis, Afrocymbella. Diatoms of Europe. Diatoms of the European Inland Waters and Comparable Habitats 4: 1-530.

Krammer, K. and Lange-Bertalot, H. (1986). Bacillariophyceae. 1. Teil: Naviculaceae. In: Ettl, H., J. Gerloff, H. Heynig and D. Mollenhauer (eds.) Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2/1. Gustav Fisher Verlag, Jena. 876 pp.

Patrick, R.M. and Reimer, C.W. (1975). The Diatoms of the United States, exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii, V. 2. Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 13.

Links & ID's

Index Nominum Algarum (INA)

Original INA

California Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Cymbopleura naviculiformis CAS

NCBI Genbank Taxonomy

Cymbopleura naviculiformis NCBI

North American Diatom Ecological Database (NADED)

NADED ID: 190005

Autecology Discussion

Cymbopleura naviculiformis is widely distributed in small lakes and streams in mountain regions of the Northwest United States. Here it prefers well oxygenated, circumneutral and slightly alkaline waters with low concentrations of dissolved solids (see table below). In contrast, C. amphicephala prefers waters with higher pH, alkalinity, and dissolved solids. Patrick & Reimer (1975) report Cymbella naviculiformis as widely distributed throughout the United States.


Abundance-weighted means of selected water quality variables measured concurrently with the collection of samples containing Cymbopleura naviculiformis.

Credit/Source: Montana Diatom Database

Paradise Spring Brook, Glacier National Park, Montana: home of Cymbopleura naviculiformis.

Credit/Source: Loren Bahls

EMAP Assessment

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) western Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) study was completed during the years 2000-2004 (see citations at bottom of this page). Over 1200 streams and rivers in 12 western states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington and Wyoming) were selected for sampling based on a stratified randomized design. This type of design insures that ecological resources are sampled in proportion to their actual geographical presence. Stratified randomized design also allows for estimates of stream length with a known confidence in several “condition classes” (good or least-disturbed, intermediately-disturbed, and poor or most-disturbed) for biotic condition, chemistry and habitat.

EMAP Distribution

Cymbopleura naviculiformis

EMAP Response Plots

Cymbopleura naviculiformis

EMAP citations

Results are published in:

Johnson, T., Hermann, K., Spaulding, S., Beyea, B., Theel, C., Sada, R., Bollman, W., Bowman, J., Larsen, A., Vining, K., Ostermiller, J., Petersen, D. Hargett, E. and Zumberge, J. (2009). An ecological assessment of USEPA Region 8 streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Report, 178 p.

Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Olsen, A. R., Larsen, D. P., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Hughes, R. M., Whittier, T. R., Lomnicky, G. A., Herlihy, A. T., Kaufman, P. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., Paulsen, S. G., and Blair, R. (2005). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) western streams and rivers statistical summary. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/006, 1,762 p.

Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Paulsen, S. G., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Herlihy, A. T., Hughes, R. M., Kaufman, P. R., Larsen, D. P., Lomnicky, G. A., Olsen, A. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., and Whittier, T. R. (2005). An ecological assessment of western streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/005, 49 p.