Grunow in Schmidt et al. 1875 Category: Asymmetrical biraphid
BASIONYM: Cymbella turgidula Grunow in Schmidt et al. 1875
Contributor: Marina Potapova - August 2011
Length Range: 27-46 µm
Width Range: 9.5-14 µm
Striae in 10 µm: 9-11 dorsal in the center valve, 12-13 at apices
Valves are slightly dorsiventral, with slightly protracted apices. The dorsal margin is strongly arched and the ventral margin is moderately convex. The central area is small and elliptical. Two (sometimes three, and rarely one or four) stigmata are present at the end of the middle striae. The proximal raphe ends have central pores that curve to the ventral margin. The raphe is lateral, becoming filiform near the distal end. Striae are radiate. The areolae are apically elongated and number 22-24 in 10 μm.
Basionym: Cymbella turgidula
Author: Grunow in Schmidt et al. 1875
Length Range: µm
Striae in 10 µm:
Krammer, K. (2002). The genus Cymbella. Diatoms of Europe. Diatoms of the European Inland Waters and Comparable Habitats 3: 1-584.
Tuji, A. (2007). Type examination and typification of Cymbella affinis Kutz., C. turgidula Grunow and C. uenoi Skvotsov. Diatom 23: 49-54.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) western Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) study was completed during the years 2000-2004 (see citations at bottom of this page). Over 1200 streams and rivers in 12 western states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington and Wyoming) were selected for sampling based on a stratified randomized design. This type of design insures that ecological resources are sampled in proportion to their actual geographical presence. Stratified randomized design also allows for estimates of stream length with a known confidence in several “condition classes” (good or least-disturbed, intermediately-disturbed, and poor or most-disturbed) for biotic condition, chemistry and habitat.
Results are published in:
Johnson, T., Hermann, K., Spaulding, S., Beyea, B., Theel, C., Sada, R., Bollman, W., Bowman, J., Larsen, A., Vining, K., Ostermiller, J., Petersen, D. Hargett, E. and Zumberge, J. (2009). An ecological assessment of USEPA Region 8 streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Report, 178 p.
Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Olsen, A. R., Larsen, D. P., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Hughes, R. M., Whittier, T. R., Lomnicky, G. A., Herlihy, A. T., Kaufman, P. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., Paulsen, S. G., and Blair, R. (2005). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) western streams and rivers statistical summary. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/006, 1,762 p.
Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Paulsen, S. G., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Herlihy, A. T., Hughes, R. M., Kaufman, P. R., Larsen, D. P., Lomnicky, G. A., Olsen, A. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., and Whittier, T. R. (2005). An ecological assessment of western streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/005, 49 p.