Lindavia michiganiana

(Skvortzov) Nakov, Guillory, M.L.Julius, E.C.Ther. and A.J.Alverson 2015      Category: Centric
BASIONYM: Cyclotella michiganiana Skvortzov 1937

Lindavia intermedia


Lindavia ocellata

LM scalebar = 10 µm = 80 pixels.


Contributor: David R.L. Burge | Kalina Manoylov | Nadja Ognjanova-Rumenova | Paul Hamilton | Mark Edlund - December 2011
Diameter: 7.5-14 µm
Mantle Height: 5.5-14 µm
Rows of areolae in 10 µm: 15-17 based on circumferential density


Valves are disc-shaped, with a tangentially undulate valve face. The central area is slightly asymmetric. In LM, the raised portion of the central area is convex and, generally, lacks ornamentation. The depressed portion of the central area is concave and is colliculate, and includes central strutted processes. One to three rimoportulae are present at the end of shortened striae near the raised portion of the valve face. Alveolate striae cover about 1/3 diameter of the valve face. Typically, shorter striae are associated with the raised side of the valve face, and longer striae are associated with the depressed side of the valve face. Striae are alveolate and are composed of multiseriate rows of two different sized areolae. Larger areolae border each stria and are arranged opposite. Between the larger areola rows are smaller areolae, which are arranged in single rows near the center of the valve and bi- to multiseriate near the margin. The alveolate striae occur 15-18 in 10 μm based on a tangential chord count (15-17 in 10 μm based on circumference). Internal foramina are visible in larger specimens. Spines were not observed.

Several species of Cyclotella have tangentially undulate central areas and should be compared with L. michiganiana.

Original Description

Basionym: Cyclotella michiganiana
Author: Skvortzov 1937
Diameter: 5.0-20.4 µm
Rows of areolae in 10 µm: 15-18

Original Description

Valvis diametro 0.0050 ad 0.0204 millimetrum metientibus; striis marginalibus distinctis, in duabus zonis radiantibus, circiter 15 ad 18 in 0.01 millimetro; aculeolis nullis; area centrali hyalina, irregulariter punctata, punctis nonnullis uno loco validioribus. Hab., in aquis lacus Michigan prope Chicago-Plate I, Fig 3, 10, 18. Frustule in the middle depressed and undulate. Valve circular, separated into two areas: the central area with a diameter of one-half that of the valve, at one side covered with large beads irregularly disposed, and the marginal area composed of one or two zones of radiating striae and a robust marginal rim. Valve diameter 0.0050-0.0204 mm. Striae 15-18 in 0.01mm. -Common in the collection. This species differs from C. striata and its varieties in its coarser striae and in the minute size of the valve. It differs from C. cassia in the nature of its central area. Both of these related species are reported from brackish waters.

Original Images

Cite This Page:
Burge, D., Manoylov, K., Ognjanova-Rumenova, N., Hamilton, P., and Edlund, M. (2011). Lindavia michiganiana. In Diatoms of the United States. Retrieved April 22, 2018, from

Species: Lindavia michiganiana

Contributor: David R.L. Burge | Kalina Manoylov | Nadja Ognjanova-Rumenova | Paul Hamilton | Mark Edlund

Reviewer: Sarah Spaulding


Camburn, K.E. and Charles, D.F. (2000). Diatoms of Low-Alkalinity Lakes in the Northeastern United States. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Special Publication 18, 152 pp.

Cumming, B.F., Wilson, S.E., Hall, R.I. and Smol, J.P. (1995). Diatoms from British Columbia (Canada) Lakes and their relationship to salinity, nutrients and other limnological variables. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 31: 1-207.

Fallu, M.-A., Allaire, N. and Peinitz, R. (2000). Freshwater diatoms from northern Québec and Labrador (Canada). Species-environment relationships in lakes of boreal forest, forest-tundra and tundra regions. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 45: 1-200.

Nakov, T., Guillory, W.X., Julius, M.L., Theriot, E.C. and Alverson, A.J. (2015). Towards a phylogenetic classification of species belonging to the diatom genus Cyclotella (Bacillariophyceae): Transfer of species formerly placed in Puncticulata, Handmannia, Pliocaenicus and Cyclotella to the genus Lindavia. Phytotaxa 217 (3): 249–264. 10.11646/phytotaxa.217.3.2

Pappas, J.L. and Stoermer, E.F. (1995). Effects of inorganic nitrogen enrichment on Lake Huron phytoplankton: an experimental study. Journal of Great Lakes Research 21(2): 178-191.

Reavie, E.D. and Kireta, A.R. (2015). Centric, Araphid and Eunotioid Diatoms of the Coastal Laurentian Great Lakes. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 62:1-184.

Reavie, E.D. and Smol, J.P. (1998). Freshwater diatoms from the St. Lawrence River. Bibliotheca Diatomologica Band 41. J. Cramer, Berlin. 137 pp.

Skvortzow, B.W. (1937). Diatoms from Lake Michigan-I. American Midland Naturalist 18 (4): 652-658 .

Stoermer, E.F., Kreis, R.G., Theriot, E.C. and Ladenski, T.B. (1983). Phytoplankton abundance, species distribution, and community structure in Saginaw Bay and Southern Lake Huron in 1980. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Research Laboratory, Duluth, MN. EPA-600/S3-84-091.

Stoermer, E. F. and Yang, J. J. (1969). Plankton diatom assemblages in Lake Michigan. Univ. Michigan, Great Lakes Res. Div. Spec. Rep. No. 47, 168 pp.

Links & ID's

Index Nominum Algarum (INA)

Original INA
Transfer INA

California Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Lindavia michiganiana CAS

North American Diatom Ecological Database (NADED)

NADED ID: 20008

Autecology Discussion

Lindavia michiganiana is an indicator of oligotrophic lakes (Stoermer et al. 1983, Pappas and Stoermer 1995), with a TP optimum of 10 ug/L (Cumming et al. 1995). The taxon is more often found in the pelagic zone rather than in littoral or riparian areas (Reavie and Smol 1998, Reavie and Kireta 2015). Lindavia michiganiana has been reported from British Columbia (as C. michiganiana; Cumming et al. 1995), the Laurentian Great Lakes (as C. michiganiana; Stoermer and Yang 1969, Reavie and Kireta 2015), the Adirondacks (as C. michiganiana; Camburn and Charles 2000), and boreal lakes in Quebec (as C. michiganiana; Fallu et al. 2000), along with occasional reports from streams in North America.


Distribution of Cyclotella michiganiana in rivers of the continental U.S. based on the National Water Quality Assessment program. Retrieved 11 June 2015.

Credit/Source: USGS BioData