Wallace 1960 Category: Monoraphid
BASIONYM: Cocconeis fluviatilis Wallace 1960
Contributor: Marina Potapova - November 2010
Length Range: 20-24 µm
Width Range: 13-19 µm
Striae in 10 µm: 12-13
Valves are elliptic. Raphe (R) valve has a narrow axial area and a vary small circular central area, or no distinct central area at all. Raphe is straight, filiform. Distal raphe ends are straight, expanded externally. Proximal raphe ends are externally straight, slightly expanded. Striae are radiate, interrupted by a hyaline rings positioned close to valve margin. Areolae are usually well distinguished under LM, 15-25 in 10 µm, and are arranged into longitudinal rows. Rapheless (RL) valve with linear to linear-lanceolate axial area and radiate striae. Areolae are much smaller in raphe than in rapheless valve, but in both valves areolae are smaller near the axial area and are getting conspicuously larger towards the valve margins.
Basionym: Cocconeis fluviatilis
Author: Wallace 1960
Length Range: 23-24 µm
Width Range: 13-19 µm
Striae in 10 µm: 16 along raphe, 12 near margin
The rapheless valve is somewhat similar to Cocconeis intermedia Herib. and Perag. It differs from this in that the puncta which make up the striae in this new species become progressively heavier and longer as they approach the valve margin, 16 striae in 10 μ in the middle (as measured along the raphe) and 12 striae in 10 μ at the margin. The raphe valve has the same striae count, but the striae are finely punctate throughout. An interruption, as found in Cocconeis placentula Ehr. and its varieties is present, but the lower striae number in this species removes it from the Cocconeis placentula complex.
Original text and images reproduced with permission by Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.
Wallace, J. (1960). New and variable diatoms. Notulae Naturae 331: 1-8.
Sampling for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) western Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) study was completed during the years 2000-2004 (see citations at bottom of this page). Streams and rivers in 12 western states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington and Wyoming). Over 1200 sites on streams and rivers in 12 western states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington and Wyoming) were selected for sampling based on a stratified randomized design. This type of design insures that ecological resources are sampled in proportion to their actual geographical presence. Stratified randomized design also allows for estimates of stream length with a known confidence in several “condition classes” (good or least-disturbed, intermediately-disturbed, and poor or most-disturbed) for biotic condition, chemistry and habitat.
Results are published in:
Johnson, T., Hermann, K., Spaulding, S., Beyea, B., Theel, C., Sada, R., Bollman, W., Bowman, J., Larsen, A., Vining, K., Ostermiller, J., Petersen, D. Hargett, E. and Zumberge, J. (2009). An ecological assessment of USEPA Region 8 streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Report, 178 p.
Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Olsen, A. R., Larsen, D. P., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Hughes, R. M., Whittier, T. R., Lomnicky, G. A., Herlihy, A. T., Kaufman, P. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., Paulsen, S. G., and Blair, R. (2005). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) western streams and rivers statistical summary. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/006, 1,762 p.
Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Paulsen, S. G., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Herlihy, A. T., Hughes, R. M., Kaufman, P. R., Larsen, D. P., Lomnicky, G. A., Olsen, A. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., and Whittier, T. R. (2005). An ecological assessment of western streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/005, 49 p.