Aulacoseira herzogii

(Lemmerm.) Simonsen 1979      Category: Centric
BASIONYM: Melosira herzogii Lemmerm. 1910

Aulacoseira granulata var. angustissima


Aulacoseira humilis

LM scalebar = 10 µm = 40 pixels.


Contributor: Marina Potapova | Jonathan English - December 2010
Diameter: 3-7 µm
Mantle Height: 7-14 µm
Rows of areolae in 10 µm: 30-32


Frustules are cylindrical and form short colonies, usually of two frustules. Valves are 3-7 µm in diameter and have a mantle height between 7-14 µm. The ratio of mantle height to valve diameter is either equal to, or greater than, 1. The mantle is straight and the valve face is either flat or slightly radially undulate with a concave center. Small areolae are present on the valve face. The straight rows of mantle areolae are often not resolvable in LM and number 30-32 per 10 µm. These small areolae, if visible in the light microscope, appear circular, although they are irregularly shaped under SEM and number 27-37 per 10 µm along the pervalvar row. Two diametrically opposed grooves, containing no areolae, extend the entire length of the valve. Two large, pointed separation spines diametrically opposed on the valve face extend in the plane of the mantle onto grooves of the neighboring frustules. The planes of the large spines and the grooves are at right angles to each other. Smaller, broadly pointed spines are present at the end of each costa. No valves with linking spines have been observed. The ringleiste is relatively shallow. According to Hickel & H. Håkansson (1991) the number of spines may be 2-4, but specimens that we observed from the U.S. had 2 spines.

Original Description

Basionym: Melosira herzogii
Author: Lemmerm. 1910
Diameter: µm
Rows of areolae in 10 µm:

Original Description

Cellulae subcylindricae, singulae vel filamenta 2—4 cellu-laria, recta vel leviter curvata formantes, 6—6,5 μ latae, 30—36 μ longae. Discus subcircularis, margine duas spinas rectas, 15—16 μ longas praeditus. Spinae discorum conjunctorum cruciatim dis-positae. Pseudosulcus distinctus. Pori minutissimi, difficile ad cognoscendum. Phaeophora numerosa, disciformes, rotundatae vel oblongae, parietales.

Original Images

Cite This Page:
Potapova, M., and English, J. (2010). Aulacoseira herzogii . In Diatoms of the United States. Retrieved April 20, 2018, from

Species: Aulacoseira herzogii

Contributor: Marina Potapova | Jonathan English

Reviewer: Mark Edlund


Camburn, K.E. and Kingston, J.C. (1986). The genus Melosira from soft-water lakes with special reference to northern Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota. In: Diatoms and Lake Acidity, J.P. Smol, R.W. Battarbee, R.B. Davis & J. Meriläinen (eds), Dr W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht. pp. 17-34.

Hickel, B. and Håkansson, H. (1991). The freshwater diatom Aulacoseira herzogii. Diatom Research 6: 299-305. 10.1080/0269249X.1991.9705175

Jewson, D.H., Khondker, M., Rahman, M.H. and Lowry, S. (1993). Auxosporulation of the freshwater diatom Aulacoseira herzogii in Lake Banani, Bangladesh. . Diatom Research 8: 403-418. 10.1080/0269249X.1993.9705270

Lemmermann, E. (1910). Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Planktonalgen. XXVI-XXX. (Das Phytoplankton des Paraguay). Archiv für Hydrobiologie und Planktonkunde, Stuttgart 5:291-338.

Simonsen, R. (1979). The diatom system: ideas on phylogeny. Bacillaria 2: 9-71.

Links & ID's

Index Nominum Algarum (INA)

Original INA

California Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Aulacoseira herzogii CAS

North American Diatom Ecological Database (NADED)

NADED ID: 10038

Autecology Discussion