Krammer 1991 Category: Centric
BASIONYM: Aulacoseira crassipunctata Krammer 1991
Contributor: Marina Potapova - December 2010
Diameter: 4-12 µm
Mantle Height: 9-18 µm
Rows of areolae in 10 µm: 5.5-9
Frustules are cylindrical and form colonies. Valves are 4-12 µm in diameter, with a mantle height of 9-18 µm. The ratio of the mantle height to valve diameter is greater than 1. The mantle has straight sides and the valve face is strongly concave or convex. Rows of mantle areolae are straight, 5.5-9 in 10 µm, with 5-10 round areolae in 10 µm. The height of the collum is approximately 1/3-1/4 of the mantle height. The valve face is covered by areolae. The spines are thin, often bifurcated, and irregular in shape. The ringleiste is solid, broad and shallow.
Basionym: Aulacoseira crassipunctata
Author: Krammer 1991
Diameter: 6-10 µm
Mantle Height: 10-17 µm
Rows of areolae in 10 µm: 6-9
Frustules cylindrial, linked into short straight or curved chains; valves 6-10 μm in diameter, mantle height 10-17 μm, ratio height/diameter 0,8-1,5, varies not only throughout the division cycle, but also between sibling valves and even between valves of a single frustule (fig. 72). Outer and inner mantle lines straight and parallel; discus distinctly convex (fig. 76) or concave (fig. 79, in sibling valves, convex and concave disci fit into each another); pseudosulcus a broad but flat furrow. Cell wall thick; linking spines short; separating spines not observed, the broad collum bears on its inside a very broad Ringleiste (figs. 73, 74). The disci have varied patterns of medium-seized areolae, sometimes being dispersed and irregularly distributed (figs. 75, 79), in completely areolated disci the areolae sometimes arranged in tangential rows. Nearly every pervalvar mantle rib bears a very small, somewhat irregularly shaped linking spine with bifid anchors (figs. 76-78). The mantle areolae vary in size (fig. 76), are very large and appear pearl-like in the LM (figs. 71, 72). SEM reveals very irregular areolae foramina (figs. 76-78). The pervalvar rows (6-9/10 μm) run parallel or slightly oblique to the pervalvar axis. The areola arrangement here is somewhat irregular with the consequence that transverse rows are either absent (figs. 71, 78) or indistinct (figs. 72, 76).
Bahls, L., Potapova, M., Fallu, M.A. and Pienitz, R. (2009). Aulacoseira canadensis and Aulacoseira crassipunctata (Bacillariophyta) in North America. Nova Hedwigia, Beiheft 135: 167-184.
Krammer, K. (1991). Morphology and taxonomy of some taxa in the genus Aulacoseira Thwaites (Bacillariophyceae). I. Aulacoseira distans and similar taxa. Nova Hedwigia 52(1-2):89-112.
Siver, P.A. and Kling, H. (1997). Morphological observations of Aulacoseira using scanning electron microscopy. Can. J. Bot. 75: 1807–1835.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) western Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) study was completed during the years 2000-2004 (see citations at bottom of this page). Over 1200 streams and rivers in 12 western states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington and Wyoming) were selected for sampling based on a stratified randomized design. This type of design insures that ecological resources are sampled in proportion to their actual geographical presence. Stratified randomized design also allows for estimates of stream length with a known confidence in several “condition classes” (good or least-disturbed, intermediately-disturbed, and poor or most-disturbed) for biotic condition, chemistry and habitat.
Results are published in:
Johnson, T., Hermann, K., Spaulding, S., Beyea, B., Theel, C., Sada, R., Bollman, W., Bowman, J., Larsen, A., Vining, K., Ostermiller, J., Petersen, D. Hargett, E. and Zumberge, J. (2009). An ecological assessment of USEPA Region 8 streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Report, 178 p.
Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Olsen, A. R., Larsen, D. P., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Hughes, R. M., Whittier, T. R., Lomnicky, G. A., Herlihy, A. T., Kaufman, P. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., Paulsen, S. G., and Blair, R. (2005). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) western streams and rivers statistical summary. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/006, 1,762 p.
Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Paulsen, S. G., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Herlihy, A. T., Hughes, R. M., Kaufman, P. R., Larsen, D. P., Lomnicky, G. A., Olsen, A. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., and Whittier, T. R. (2005). An ecological assessment of western streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/005, 49 p.
Aulacoseira crassipunctata was reported from 2 sites in the western EMAP survey, 1998SIDFB124 and WIDP99-069. Potapova examined 2 slides from site WIDP99-0697, but failed to confirm the presence of A. crassipunctata. The EMAP distribution and data plots were removed from this page. A fragment of the fossil A. canadensis may have been present, misidentified as A. crassipunctata. - S. Spaulding