Diatoma vulgaris

Bory 1824      Category: Araphid
BASIONYM: Diatoma vulgaris Bory 1824

Diatoma tenuis

 

Diatomella balfouriana

LM scalebar = 10 µm = 40 pixels.



Observations

Contributor: Marina Potapova - May 2009
Length Range: 15-60 µm
Width Range: 8–12 µm
Striae in 10 µm: 50-60

Description

Cells form zig-zag colonies. Frustules are rectangular in girdle view. Valves are elliptical to elliptical-lanceolate with broadly rounded subrostrate ends, 8-12 µm wide, 15-60 µm long. Transapical ribs 6-10 in 10 µm. Striae uniseriate, 45-50 in 10 µm, consisting of small poroid areolae. The axial area is linear, very narrow. One rimoportula is present at one valve apex. Apical pore fields are present at both apices.



Original Description

Basionym: Diatoma vulgaris
Author: Bory 1824
Length Range: µm
Striae in 10 µm:

Original Description

Cette petite espèce a ses segmens de forme quadrilatère, solitaires ou se tenant de deux à quatre enserable après leur disjonction, brunâtres vers le centre où plusieurs sont marqués de deux points ronds parfaitement transparens. Ces filamens, quand ils sont disposés en zin-zag, atteignent une ligne de longueur, mais l’oeil désarmé n’y saurait distinguier aucune organisation. Ils recouvrent fréquemment l’extremité des rameaux du Conferva glomerata, L., surtout aux endroits où le courant de l’eau est fort rapide, comme dans les écluses de moulins. Nous en avons trouvé en abondance sur des Conferves du Rhône, Il est jusque dans le bassin du Palais-Royal.

Original Images


Cite This Page:
Potapova, M. (2009). Diatoma vulgaris. In Diatoms of the United States. Retrieved December 21, 2014, from http://westerndiatoms.colorado.edu/taxa/species/Diatoma_vulgaris

Species: Diatoma vulgaris

Contributor: Marina Potapova

Reviewer: Sam Rushforth

Citations

Bory de Saint-Vincent, J.B.M. (1824). Dictionnaire Classique d’Histoire Naturelle. Tome cinquième. Dictionnaire Classique d'Histoire Naturelle. Tome cinquième. Cra-D [vol. 5]. Paris. Rey & Gravier, libraires-éditeurs; Baudouin Frères, libraires-éditeurs.

Bory de Saint-Vincent, J.B.M. (1831). Dictionnaire Classique d’Histoire Naturelle. Tome dix-septième et dernier. Atlas et illustration des planches [vol. 17]. Dictionnaire Classique d'Histoire Naturelle. Tome dix-septième et dernier. Atlas et illustration des planches [vol. 17]. Paris. Rey & Gravier, libraires-éditeurs.

Williams, D.M. (1985). Morphology, taxonomy and inter-relationships of the ribbed araphid diatoms from the genera Diatoma and Meridion (Diatomaceae: Bacillariophyta). Bibliotheca Diatomologica 8: 1-228.

Links & ID's

Index Nominum Algarum (INA)

Original INA

California Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Diatoma vulgaris CAS

NCBI Genbank Taxonomy

Diatoma vulgaris NCBI
Diatoma vulgare NCBI

North American Diatom Ecological Database (NADED)

NADED ID: 27013

Autecology Discussion

Fresh and brackish water. Forms zig-zag colonies attached to the substrate by a mucilage pad.

EMAP Assessment

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) western Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) study was completed during the years 2000-2004 (see citations at bottom of this page). Over 1200 streams and rivers in 12 western states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington and Wyoming) were selected for sampling based on a stratified randomized design. This type of design insures that ecological resources are sampled in proportion to their actual geographical presence. Stratified randomized design also allows for estimates of stream length with a known confidence in several “condition classes” (good or least-disturbed, intermediately-disturbed, and poor or most-disturbed) for biotic condition, chemistry and habitat.


EMAP Distribution

Diatoma vulgaris


EMAP Response Plots

Diatoma vulgaris


EMAP citations

Results are published in:

Johnson, T., Hermann, K., Spaulding, S., Beyea, B., Theel, C., Sada, R., Bollman, W., Bowman, J., Larsen, A., Vining, K., Ostermiller, J., Petersen, D. Hargett, E. and Zumberge, J. (2009). An ecological assessment of USEPA Region 8 streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Report, 178 p.

Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Olsen, A. R., Larsen, D. P., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Hughes, R. M., Whittier, T. R., Lomnicky, G. A., Herlihy, A. T., Kaufman, P. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., Paulsen, S. G., and Blair, R. (2005). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) western streams and rivers statistical summary. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/006, 1,762 p.

Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Paulsen, S. G., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Herlihy, A. T., Hughes, R. M., Kaufman, P. R., Larsen, D. P., Lomnicky, G. A., Olsen, A. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., and Whittier, T. R. (2005). An ecological assessment of western streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/005, 49 p.