Kützing 1833 Category: Araphid
BASIONYM: Diatoma moniliforme Kützing 1831
SYNONYM(S): Diatoma tenue var. moniliforme Kützing
Contributor: Marina Potapova - May 2009
Length Range: 10-40 µm
Width Range: 2.5-6.0 µm
Striae in 10 µm: 50-60
Cells form zig-zag colonies. Frustules are rectangular in girdle view, valves are elliptical to lanceolate with rounded to subrostrate apices, valves are 10-40 µm in length and 2.5-6.0 µm in width. Transapical ribs number 6-11 in 10 µm. Striae are uniseriate and composed of small poroid areolae, 50-60 in 10 µm. Axial area is linear, very narrow. One rimportula is positioned within in a transapical rib at one, or both, valve apices. Apical pore fields are present at both apices.
Basionym: Diatoma moniliforme
Author: Kützing 1831
Length Range: µm
Striae in 10 µm:
Frustulis quadraticis, longam seriam formatibus.
Kützing, F.T. (1833). Synopsis Diatomacearum oder Versuch einer systematischen Zusammenstellung der Diatomeen. Linnaea 8(5): 529-620, pls. XIII-XIX.
Williams, D.M. (1985). Morphology, taxonomy and inter-relationships of the ribbed araphid diatoms from the genera Diatoma and Meridion (Diatomaceae: Bacillariophyta). Bibliotheca Diatomologica 8: 1-228.
Williams, D.M. (2012). Diatoma moniliforme: Commentary, relationships and an appropriate name. Nova Hedwigia, Beiheft 141: 255–262.
Fresh and brackishwater. Forms zig-zag colonies attached to substrates by a mucilage pad.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) western Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) study was completed during the years 2000-2004 (see citations at bottom of this page). Over 1200 streams and rivers in 12 western states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington and Wyoming) were selected for sampling based on a stratified randomized design. This type of design insures that ecological resources are sampled in proportion to their actual geographical presence. Stratified randomized design also allows for estimates of stream length with a known confidence in several “condition classes” (good or least-disturbed, intermediately-disturbed, and poor or most-disturbed) for biotic condition, chemistry and habitat.
Results are published in:
Johnson, T., Hermann, K., Spaulding, S., Beyea, B., Theel, C., Sada, R., Bollman, W., Bowman, J., Larsen, A., Vining, K., Ostermiller, J., Petersen, D. Hargett, E. and Zumberge, J. (2009). An ecological assessment of USEPA Region 8 streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Report, 178 p.
Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Olsen, A. R., Larsen, D. P., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Hughes, R. M., Whittier, T. R., Lomnicky, G. A., Herlihy, A. T., Kaufman, P. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., Paulsen, S. G., and Blair, R. (2005). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) western streams and rivers statistical summary. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/006, 1,762 p.
Stoddard, J. L., Peck, D. V., Paulsen, S. G., Van Sickle, J., Hawkins, C. P., Herlihy, A. T., Hughes, R. M., Kaufman, P. R., Larsen, D. P., Lomnicky, G. A., Olsen, A. R., Peterson, S. A., Ringold, P. L., and Whittier, T. R. (2005). An ecological assessment of western streams and rivers. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 620/R-05/005, 49 p.