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Diatoms of the United States is now known as Diatoms of North America.
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Patrick in Patrick & Reimer 1966      Category: Eunotioid
TYPE SPECIES: Semiorbis hemicyclus (Ehrenberg) Patrick in Patrick & Reimer




Smallest to largest - 2 taxa sorted by maximum length

Image Credit: Mark Edlund, David Burge

CLASS: Bacillariophyceae
  ORDER: Eunotiales
    FAMILY: Eunotiaceae

  1. Valves strongly lunate
  2. Valve face with transapical external costae
  3. Spines present on the dorsal and ventral ends of costae

Valves are strongly lunate, with thick, external, transverse costae between striae. The costae often terminate in spines at the dorsal and ventral margins. A small, greatly reduced raphe is present at the poles. The raphe is typically not visible in LM. The proximal raphe ends are on the ventral margin, while the terminal fissures curve slightly onto the valve face. Internally, the terminal raphe ends in a helictoglossa. Rimoportulae have not been observed in the genus. Striae are not visible in LM, but under SEM they can be observed between the costae. Striae are usually uniseriate, but they may become biseriate near the dorsal valve margin.

Semiorbis was regarded as a monotypic genus composed of S. hemicyclus until recently, when S. catillifera and S. rotundus were described from North America (Reid and Williams 2010). Some authors do not recognize Semiorbis and include it within the closely related genus Eunotia (Morrow et al. 1981, Krammer and Lange-Bertalot 1991).

Cite This Page:
Edlund, M., and Burge, D. (2015). Semiorbis. In Diatoms of the United States. Retrieved May 26, 2018, from

Contributor: Mark Edlund | David R.L. Burge - June 2015
Reviewer: Sarah Spaulding - June 2015