Patrick in Patrick & Reimer 1966 Category: Eunotioid
TYPE SPECIES: Semiorbis hemicyclus (Ehrenberg) Patrick in Patrick & Reimer
Valves are strongly lunate, with thick, external, transverse costae between striae. The costae often terminate in spines at the dorsal and ventral margins. A small, greatly reduced raphe is present at the poles. The raphe is typically not visible in LM. The proximal raphe ends are on the ventral margin, while the terminal fissures curve slightly onto the valve face. Internally, the terminal raphe ends in a helictoglossa. Rimoportulae have not been observed in the genus. Striae are not visible in LM, but under SEM they can be observed between the costae. Striae are usually uniseriate, but they may become biseriate near the dorsal valve margin.
Semiorbis was regarded as a monotypic genus composed of S. hemicyclus until recently, when S. catillifera and S. rotundus were described from North America (Reid and Williams 2010). Some authors do not recognize Semiorbis and include it within the closely related genus Eunotia (Morrow et al. 1981, Krammer and Lange-Bertalot 1991).
Cite This Page:
Edlund, M., and Burge, D. (2015). Semiorbis. In Diatoms of the United States. Retrieved April 27, 2017, from http://westerndiatoms.colorado.edu/taxa/genus/semiorbis