Agardh 1824      Category: Araphid
TYPE SPECIES: Meridion vernale Agardh




Image Credit: Pat Kociolek, Natalie Hoidal, Loren Bahls

CLASS: Fragilariophyceae
  ORDER: Fragilariales
    FAMILY: Fragilariaceae

  1. Valve symmetry to the transverse axis variable
  2. Frustules linear to wedge-shaped in girdle view
  3. Frustules may be joined in colonies
  4. Costae present

Valves of Meridion are variable in symmetry to the transverse axis; they are either strongly heteropolar or isopolar. The heteropolar species are clavate (club-shaped) in valve view and wedge-shaped in girdle view. Septae (attached to girdle elements) are present. An apical porefield is present at one end. Valves may have 1-2 rimoportulae. Cells are joined together to form fan-shaped colonies. Chloroplasts are multiple and plate-like in living cells.

Meridion includes the common species, M. circulare and M. anceps. Meridion and Diatoma are closely related, and the features that distinguish them are based on ultrastructure of the copulae, or girdle bands (Williams 1985). Williams states that Meridion possesses 1) an intense poroidal area at each central ligula portion of the valvocopula, 2) an extended abvalvar process (generally), acting as a functional antiligula, and 3) absence of a ligula attachment at the valvocopula polar end.

Cite This Page:
Spaulding, S., and Edlund, M. (2008). Meridion. In Diatoms of the United States. Retrieved April 20, 2018, from

Contributor: Sarah Spaulding | Mark Edlund - December 2008
Reviewer: Sam Rushforth - June 2010