Lange-Bertalot, Witkowski and Metzeltin 1996 Category: Symmetrical biraphid
TYPE SPECIES: Hippodonta lueneburgensis (Grunow) Lange-Bertalot, Witkowski and Metzeltin
Smallest to largest - 6 taxa sorted by maximum length
Species in Hippodonta possess thick, heavily silicified valves. Valves are generally lanceolate in valve outline with variously shaped poles. The striae are distinct, broad and may be uni-seriate or biseriate. The valve termini are thickened bands of silica.The raphe is straight and the proximal raphe ends are dilated. Two chloroplasts are present in living cells.
Hippodonta includes the former Navicula capitata Ehrenberg, N. hungarica Grunow and allies. Species of Hippodonta grow in a wide range of benthic habitats, particularly in mid to higher salinity inland and coastal waters.
Cite This Page:
Spaulding, S., and Edlund, M. (2008). Hippodonta. In Diatoms of the United States. Retrieved January 24, 2017, from http://westerndiatoms.colorado.edu/taxa/genus/Hippodonta