Project

Atmospheric deposition of nitrogen and its effects on diatoms

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As part of a project studying atmospheric deposition of nitrogen and its effects on lake diatoms in Grand Teton National Park, researchers are analyzing lake sediment cores and posting taxa to Diatoms of the United States.

TAXA

Amphora | Asterionella | Brachysira | Hannaea | Pinnularia | Cavinula cocconeiformis | Cavinula pseudoscutiformis | Chamaepinnularia mediocris | Chamaepinnularia soehrensis | Karayevia nitidiformis | Navicula schmassmannii | Planothidium holstii |

Overview

Taxon pages from a project funded by the National Park Service, Air Resources Division, are in progress. The project, Atmospheric deposition of inorganic nitrogen in Grand Teton National Park: determining biological effects on algal communities in alpine lakes was initiated by co-principal investigators S.A. Spaulding, M. Otu, J. Baron, A.P. Wolfe, S. O'Ney, and T. Blett.
 

Atmospheric deposition of Nitrogen 

In western North America, atmospheric sources of inorganic nitrogen (N) (nitrate and ammonium) deposited with rain, snow, or in dry deposition can result in changes in surface water chemistry and in aquatic biota, including diatoms. Scientists have been concerned with N for its acidification effects as well as for its fertilization effects. In nutrient poor environments, including the Rocky Mountains, algae have been well documented to be limited by N. The primary community level change to either acidification or fertilization in the algae is by a shift in species composition. The eutrophication of lakes by deposition of atmospheric N is of great concern in the west, and there is evidence that many historically unproductive lakes and are experiencing increased biological production due to atmospheric N. Increasingly, diatoms associated with human activities are entering new aquatic systems and resulting in dramatic ecosystem change.
 
In this project in Grand Teton National Park, we are determining the effects of atmospheric deposition of N on primary producing organisms (diatoms) by reconstructing the paleolimnological history of diatom species composition in sediments of five lakes. In the process of analyzing the lake sediment core, Otu and Spaulding are posting taxon pages for important lake species. 

Funding

National Park Service, Air Resources Division

Atmospheric deposition of inorganic nitrogen in Grand Teton National Park: determining biological effects on algal communities in alpine lakes | S.A. Spaulding, M. Otu, J. Baron, A.P. Wolfe, S. O'Ney, and T. Blett.

University of Wyoming / NPS Field Station

Atmospheric deposition of inorganic nitrogen in Grand Teton NP: seasonal and millenial impacts on high elevation lakes | S.A. Spaulding, J. Baron and A.P. Wolfe.

Participants

Sarah Spaulding

Ecologist, US Geological Survey
Review Board, This Website


Megan Otu

Postdoctoral Fellow, INSTAAR, University of Colorado


Marina Potapova

Assistant Curator, Diatom Herbarium, Academy of Natural Sciences Philadelphia of Drexel University
Review Board, This Website


Jill Baron

US Geological Survey and Colorado State University


Alex Wolfe

University of Alberta


Susan O'Ney

National Park Service, Grand Teton National Park


Tamara Blett

National Park Service, Air Resources Division


Ellen Porter

National Park Service, Air Resources Division


This project was first entered on 23 March, 2011 by Sarah Spaulding