News Story

Standardization of taxon authorship names

PREVIOUS NEWS

23 March, 2018

Alec Camp

The database associated with Diatoms of North America has recently been updated by standardizing all citations of taxon authorship. Standardization of these citations eliminates confusion of taxon authorship and clarifies future citation format.

The taxon authorship names have been adjusted to the format established by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI). This index is the most comprehensive database of plant names and authorship available today. It is managed through a collaboration between the Royal Botanic Gardens - Kew, The Harvard University Herbaria, and the Australian National Herbarium.

A standardized authorship name is a surname, or an abbreviation of it (e.g. Ehrenb. for Ehrenberg). The rules for formatting names are rather flexible for the purpose of practicality, but the four absolute rules established by IPNI are:

  1. The script must be in Roman characters.

  2. Every standardized name must be unique to one person.

  3. Identical surnames are given the same form (e.g. Smith is always Sm.). These authors are differentiated with additions such as suffixes or initials (e.g. W.Sm. for William Smith and H.L.Sm. for Hamilton Lanphere Smith).

  4. All abbreviations and contractions are terminated with a full-stop (e.g. Hust. for Hustedt).

The database now has IPNI-formatted names for every taxon’s species author, original author, synonym species author, and similar/comparison species author. This was done by searching for author names in the IPNI and cross-referencing author names in another database of taxon descriptions, such as the Catalogue of Diatom Names created by the California Academy of Sciences. Going forward, all new authorship citations should follow the IPNI format so that all citations are consistent and clear to understand. To make this easier, we have compiled a list of every author in our database along with their corresponding IPNI standardized name. This list is attached below. Please use this list when citing authors, or visit the IPNI directly.

Correct Author Name

Aboal
C.Agardh
Aleem
Alfinito
Alles
Amossé
Andresen
Angely
D.Anton.
R.E.M.Archibald
Auersw.
H.Bachm.
L.L.Bahls
J.W.Bailey
L.W.Bailey
Bailey-Watts
Basson
Åke Berg
I.W.Bishop
Bixby
S.Blanco
Bleisch
Blinn
Bory
C.S.Boyer
Bréb.
Brightw.
Bruder
Brun
Brutschy
Buczkó
Bukht.
Cabejsz.
Camburn
G.W.F.Carlson
Carruth.
J.R.Carter
S.Castro
D.Charles
Cholnoky
Cleve
A.Cleve
Cohn
Comère
M.Coste
Couté
E.J.Cox
R.M.Crawford
Cremer
Czarn.
P.A.Dawson
De Not.
De Toni
Deby
Desm.
Dillwyn
S.Droop
Edlund
Ehrenb.
Eulenst.
M.Florin
Flower
Foged
Freese
Freng.
G.A.Fryxell
Fusey
Gaillon
E.E.Gaiser
Genkal
H.Germ.
Gligora
Godey
Greenleaf
W.Greg.
Grev.
J.W.Griff.
Grunow
Guillard
Gutw.
Hagelst.
Håk.
P.Ham.
Hanna
Hantzsch
B.Hartley
Hasle
E.Y.Haw.
Heib.
Heiden
Heinzerl.
Hellerman
Henfr.
N.Herbst
Hérib.
Hern.-Mar.
B.Hickel
Hilse
F.Hinz
G.Hofm.
M.H.Hohn
Holmboe
Hornem.
Houk
Hust.
R.Jahn
J.R.Johans.
E.G.Jørg.
Jürg.
Kirchn.
Kingston
H.J.Kling
H.Kobayasi
Kociolek
J.D.Koppen
Körner
Krammer
Krasske
Krstic
Kuntze
Kütz.
Lagerst.
Lange-Bert.
Legler
Lemmerm.
Levkov
J.C.Lewin
F.W.Lewis
Loseva
R.L.Lowe
J.W.G.Lund
Lundh-Alm.
Lyngb.
Maidana
Maillard
Manguin
A.Mann
D.G.Mann
Manoylov
Mayama
A.Mayer
F.Meister
Mereschk.
Metzeltin
B.Mey.
Mig.
J.D.Möller
E.Morales
Morrow
Gerd Moser
O.Müll.
O.F.Müll.
Nägeli
Nagumo
Nakov
Natour
Nitzsch
Nygaard
K.Osada
Ostenf.
Østrup
Pant.
Pascher
R.M.Patrick
H.Perag.
Perag.
Hub.-Pest.
J.B.Petersen
Petersen
Pfitzer
Ponader
V.S.Poretzky
Potapova
Poulin
A.K.S.Prasad
A.Pritch.
Rabenh.
Ralfs
E.Reichardt
Reichelt
G.Reid
Reimann
Reimer
Reinke
Rhode
Ricard
P.G.Richt.
R.Ross
Roth
Round
S.R.Rushforth
Schaarschm.
R.P.Scherer
Schim.
M.Schmidt
O.Schneid.
Schoeman
Schönf.
E.A.Schultze
Schum.
F.Schütt
A.R.Sherwood
Simonsen
P.A.Sims
Siver
Skabitschevsky
Skvortsov
H.L.Sm.
W.Sm.
M.G.M.Souza
Sovereign
S.A.Spauld.
Sreen.
Štěpánek
Stoermer
J.L.Stone
Sull.
Temp.
E.C.Ther.
E.W.Thomas
Tobias
Trentep.
Trifonova
Tuji
Turpin
Thwaites
Van de Vijver
Van Heurck
VanLand.
M.L.Vis
J.H.Wallace
G.C.Wall.
D.B.Ward
Werum
C.E.Wetzel
D.M.Williams
Witkowski
Wojtal
Wormley

Full Name

Marina Aboal
Carl Adolf Agardh
Anwar Abdel Aleem
Silvia Alfinito
Erich Alles
Auguste Amossé
John William Andresen
João Alberto Angely
Dermot Antoniades
R.E.M. Archibald
Bernhard Auerswald
Hans Bachmann
Loren Bahls
John William Bailey
Loring Woart Bailey
A.E. Bailey-Watts
P.W. Basson
Åke Berg
Ian Bishop
Rebecca J. Bixby
Saúl Blanco
Eduard Joseph Ludwig Bleisch
Dean W. Blinn
Jean Baptiste Geneviève Marcellin Bory
Charles S. Boyer
Louis Alphonse de Brébisson
Thomas Brightwell
Katrin Bruder
Jacques-Joseph Brun
A. Brutschy
Kristina Buczkó
Ludmila Bukhtiyarova
Irena Cabejszekówna
Keith E. Camburn
G.W.F. Carlson
William Carruthers
John R. Carter
Sílvia Castro
Don Charles
Béla Jenö Cholnoky
Per Theodor Cleve
Astrid Maria Cleve-Euler
Ferdinand Julius Cohn
Joseph Comère
Michel Coste
Alain Couté
Eileen J. Cox
Richard M. Crawford
Leo Cremer
David Bruce Czarnecki
Penelope A. Dawson
Giuseppe(Josephus) De Notaris
Giovanni Batista De Toni
Julien Marc Deby
John Baptiste Henri Joseph Desmazières
Lewis Weston Dillwyn
Stephen John Michael Droop
Mark B. Edlund
Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
Theodor Eulenstein
Maj-Britt Florin
R.J. Flower
Niels Foged
Leonard Roy Freese
Joaquím Frenguelli
Greta A. Fryxell
Pierre Fusey
François Benjamin Gaillon
Evelyn E. Gaiser
S.I. Genkal
Henry Germain
Marija Gligora
Godey
R.C. Greenleaf
William Gregory
Robert Kaye Greville
John William Griffith
Albert Grunow
Robert Russell Louis Guillard
Roman Gutwinski
Robert Hagelstein
Hannalore Håkansson
Paul Hamilton
G Dallas Hanna
Carl August Hantzsch
Bernard Hartley
Grethe Rytter Hasle
Elizabeth Y. Haworth
Peder Andreas Christian Heiberg
Heinrich Heiden
Otto Heinzerling
Joan Hellerman
Arthur Henfrey
Nora Herbst
Joseph Héribaud
M. Hernández-Mariné
Barbara Hickel
Friedrich Wilhelm Hilse
Friedel Hinz
Gabriele Hofmann
Matthew Henry Hohn
Jens Holmboe
Jens Wilken Hornemann
Václav Houk
Friedrich Hustedt
Regine Jahn
Jeffrey R. Johansen
Erik G. Jørgensen
Georg Heinrich Bernhard Jürgens
Emil Otto Oskar von Kirchner
John C. Kingston
Hedy J. Kling
Hiromu Kobayasi
John Patrick Kociolek
John D. Koppen
Heinz Körner
Kurt Krammer
Georg Krasske
Svetilav Krstic
Carl Ernst Otto Kuntze
Friedrich Traugott Kützing
Nils Gerhard Wilhelm Lagerstedt
Horst Lange-Bertalot
Fritz Legler
Ernst Johann Lemmermann
Zlatko Levkov
Joyce (M.) Chismore Lewin
Francis West Lewis
E.I. Loseva
Rex Loren Lowe
John Walter Guerrier Lund
Asta Lundh-Almestrand
Hans(en) Christian Lyngbye
Nora I. Maidana
Pierre Néhémie Maillard
Émile Etienne Manguin
Albert Mann
David G. Mann
Kalina M. Manoylov
Shigeki Mayama
Adolf Theodor Mayer
Friedrich Meister
Konstantin Sergejewicz Mereschkowski
Ditmar Metzeltin
Bernhard Meyer
Emil Friedrich August Walther Migula
Johann Dietrich(Diedrich) Möller
Eduardo A. Morales
Angela C. Morrow
Gerd Moser
Otto Müller
Otto Friedrich (Friderich, Fridrich, Frederik) Müller
Carl Wilhelm von Nägeli
Tamotsu Nagumo
Teofil Nakov
Rashad M. Natour
Christian Ludwig Nitzsch
Gunnar Nygaard
Keigo Osada
Carl Emil Hansen Ostenfeld
Ernst Vilhelm Østrup
Jószef(Joseph) Pantocsek
Adolf(Adolph) A. Pascher
Ruth Myrtle Patrick
Hypollyte Peragallo
Maurice Peragallo
Gottfried Eduard Huber-Pestalozzi
Johannes Boye Petersen
Otto Georg Petersen
Ernst Hugo Heinrich Pfitzer
Karin Ponader
Vadim Sergeevich Poretzky
Marina Potapova
Michel Poulin
Akshinthala K.Sai Krishna Prasad
Andrew Pritchard
Gottlob (Gottlieb) Ludwig Rabenhorst
John Ralfs
Erwin Reichardt
Hugo Reichelt
Geraldine Reid
Bernhard E.F. Reimann
Charles Wilson Reimer
Johannes Reinke
Johann Gottlieb Rhode
Michel Ricard
Paul Gerhard Richter
Robert Ross
Albrecht Wilhelm Roth
Frank Eric Round
S.R. Rushforth
Julius Schaarschmidt
Reed P. Scherer
Hans Schimanski
Karl Max Schmidt
Oskar Schneider
Ferdinand Reynold Schoeman
Hilmar Günther von Schönfeldt
Edwin A. Schultze
Julius (Heinrich Karl) Schumann
Franz Schütt
Alison Ruth Sherwood
Reimer Simonsen
Patricia Anne Sims
Peter A. Siver
A.P. Skabitschevsky
Boris Vassilievich Skvortsov
Hamilton Lanphere Smith
William Smith
Maria das Graças Machado de Souza
H.E. Sovereign
Sarah Spaulding
M.R. Sreenivasa
Jan Štěpánek
Eugene Filmore Stoermer
J.L. Stone
William Starling Sullivant
Joannes Albert (Jean Clodius) Tempère
Edward C. Theriot
Evan William Thomas
A.V. Tobias
Johann Friedrich Trentepohl
V.I. Trifonova
A. Tuji
Pierre Jean François Turpin
George Henry Kendrick Thwaites
Bart Van de Vijver
Henri Ferdinand Van Heurck
Sam L. VanLandingham
Morgan L. Vis
John Hume Wallace
George Charles Wallich
Daniel Bertram Ward
Marcus Werum
Carlos E. Wetzel
David Mervyn Williams
Andrzej Witkowski
Agata Wojtal
T.G. Wormley